The discoveries of Italian physician and physicist Luigi Galvani paved the way for the invention of the voltaic pile, a rudimentary battery that makes possible a constant source of current electricity.. Galvani was born on September 9, 1737, in Bologna, Papal States (Italy). Galvani L. De Viribus Electricitatis in Motu Musculari Commentarius(Commentary on the Effect of Electricity on Muscular Motion,)1791. Licht, Cambridge Massachusetts 1953, transl by RM Green. The National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland (1737–98). One of the early pioneers of bioelectricity, he is known for his extraordinary work on the nature and effects of electricity in an animal tissue, which later led to the invention of the voltaic pile. Over the past several years, he had come to believe that electricity was linked to movement. His assistant is claimed to have accidentally touched a scalpel to the sciatic nerve of the frog and this resulted in a spark and animation of its legs. History. Luigi’s father worked as a goldsmith. Luigi Galvani was born to Domenico and Barbara Caterina Foschi, in Bologna, then part of the Papal States. His … The scientist, Luigi Galvani, must have been ecstatic. That electricity was involved somehow in the function of living tissue had been noted in studies of the activity of electric fishes and eels, but it was Luigi Galvani, professor of anatomy in Bologna, who first carried out systematic experiments demonstrating that muscular contraction results from an electric current” (Grolier, Medicine, p. 183). He followed in his father’s footsteps and obtained his medical education from the University of Bologna. Luigi Galvani and his famous experiments on frogs carried out in the second half of the 18th century belong more to legend than to the history of science. According to popular legend, Luigi Galvani discovered the effects of electricity on muscle tissue when investigating an unrelated phenomenon which required skinned frogs in the 1780s and 1790s. In post-Cartesian science, the prevailing idea was that animal spirits were a particular class of tenuous and greatly effective fluids, and that they pro-duced muscle contraction by a chemical process akin to fermentation (see Clower, 1998; Ochs, 2004). The birthplace of Galvani was located in Bologna, Papal State. At the University of Bologna in Italy, noted surgeon Luigi Galvani was investigating the effects of electricity on animals. Luigi Galvani’s Path to Animal Electricity 337 increase during contraction. Scientists could generate static electricity using spinning machines, but it was not until Benjamin Franklin's famous kite experiment in 1752 that they proved that lightning was of the same essence. Luigi Galvani was an Italian physician and physicist. Luigi Galvani was an Italian physician, physicist, and biologist who pioneered the field of bioelectrics and discovered what he called animal electricity. Galvani not only laid the foundations of a new science, electrophysiology, but also opened the way for the invention of the electric battery, and … Mary Bellis covered inventions and inventors for ThoughtCo for 18 years. Facts about Luigi Galvani 1: the birthplace. He had already shown that his static electricity generator made frog legs twitch in controlled laboratory conditions. Kipnis N. Luigi Galvani and the debate on animal electricity, 1791-1800. Facts about Luigi Galvani 2: the father of Luigi. He believed "animal electricity" to be a third form of electricity—a view that wasn’t altogether uncommon in the 18th century. Annals of Science 1987;44: 107-142. His parents were Domenico and Barbara Foschi. And the debate on animal electricity 337 increase during contraction Galvani L. De Viribus Electricitatis Motu. 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